400 Level

401 — Archaeology of Israel

This course presents an overview of the archaeology of the land of Israel, with emphasis on biblical sites. It is designed to equip students with the vocabulary, technique, and message of the process of archaeology in the relation to apologetics and the cultural and historical settings of the Bible. It evaluates specific archaeological discoveries for the light they shed on biblical texts and traditions.

402 — History of Anti-Semitism

This course presents a study of the systematic, unrelenting anti-Semitism that has targeted the Jewish community for millennia through caricature, persecution, and violence. It analyzes the underlying motivation for anti-Semitism as well as its various forms of manifestation. It documents the events of history that have victimized the Jewish people in various societies.

403 — Parables of Jesus

This course examines the teaching of Jesus in the light of the parable methodology that was an essential tool of Second Temple Judaism’s teachers. It studies various Gospel parables and compares them with parables from sages who taught before, during, and after the time of Jesus. It also gives clear guidelines for interpreting Jesus’ parables.

404 — History of Post-Biblical Israel

This course surveys the history of the Jewish people from fourth century of the common era until the present. It presents understanding of the leading characters of the time, as well as information about their traditions and writings. It evaluates the development of rabbinic Judaism and the production of the Talmud. It discusses Zionism and its impact upon both the international Jewish community and the restored nation of Israel.

405 — Overview of Covenants and the Kingdom of God

This course presents a detailed study of the Abrahamic covenant and its subsequent emendations and expansions, including the renewed or New Covenant confirmed by Jesus and extended to all humanity. It also evaluates the connection between the covenant and the kingdom of God and examines the nature, purpose, and manifestation of the kingdom.

406 — Religion and Social Ethics

This course analyzes the impact of religion on social ethics in both Christian and Jewish communities. It examines both historical and modern Jewish culture to foster understanding of the values of those communities. It evaluates the sociological implications of both the Hebrew and Apostolic Scriptures. The importance of justice among all peoples is underscored, along with promotion of cross-cultural communication.

407 — Overview of Extra-Canonical Literature

This course presents an outline of both the apocryphal and pseudepigraphical books that were written during the time of Second Temple Judaism and early Christianity that were not included in the canon of Holy Scripture. Background and context for biblical references and events are noted, and criteria by which these writings were excluded from the canon are noted.

408 — The Holocaust

This course evaluates the historical, philosophical, political, and economic events that set the stage for the Holocaust in the mid-twentieth century. It documents the systematic genocidal attempts of Germany’s Third Reich and its collaborators. It also evaluates the physical and psychological impact of the death of the six million on corporate world Jewry and on survivors and their descendants. It discusses the role of Righteous Gentiles during the Holocaust, evaluates the literature of the Holocaust, and suggests ideas for formulating a Christian response to the Holocaust.

409 — Homiletics

This course examines the art and science of teaching and preaching. Both preparation and delivery of lectures/sermons are discussed. Communication theory is also considered for its impact on transmitting knowledge and eliciting commitment and lifestyle changes in hearers. The methodology discussed in Kohellet is analyzed to underscore Hebraic methods both for study and public speaking.

410 — God’s Calendar: Festivals and Holy Days

This course examines the liturgical calendar of the Hebrew Scriptures with a view toward understanding God’s instructions that his people remember set-apart times for personal interaction with God, with their families, and with their faith communities. It evaluates the ongoing importance of Hebraic holy days in the life of the earliest church and suggests ways in which the biblical calendar can profit believers today.

411 — Jewish and Christian Theology and Theologians

This course presents an overview of Jewish and Christian theologies, making general comparisons and underscoring both the parallels of Christian thinking with that of the Jewish community and differing themes in both. It also notes the great contributions to theology by both Jewish and Christian theologians, including Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and others. Theology that has divided the two communities and contributed to mistrust and abuse are also noted.